best russian ww2 fighter plane


[6] Armament reduced to the ShVAK cannon only to save weight. By simple performance specs, the Corsair wins, hands-down. The rear antenna cable was moved inside a lengthened rear canopy which featured a more aerodynamically refined shape with a modified fuselage deck contour. (It was a problem only during the prototype tests:[13] )Recoil and limited supply of ammunition required accurate aiming and two-three round bursts. It’s main foe in that battle was the 109, the Spitfire made the Germans stay low with their bombers, which was not ideal for the 109 but it was perfect for the Spitfire. Revell-Monogram is ranked #1 out of 43 world war ii airplane model kits manufacturers, followed by Tamiya, and Revell of Germany. Over a period of six years of conflict, from 1939 to 1945, aircraft designs had progressed in leaps and bounds. 2748 were produced.[14]. Slowly but surely it was being replaced by the superior Focke-Wulf Fw 190. The Yakovlev Yak-9 (Russian: Яковлев Як-9) was a single-engine single-seat multipurpose fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after. The IJNAS would also use the Zero as a land-based fighter. The US Air-force’ F-35 Lightning II sits at the top of the list as the … Production aircraft carried NS-23 instead of the N-37 cannon as the default armament. The Thunderbolt was one of the heaviest and largest fighter planes ever built; it was also only powered by a single piston engine. Ultimately the M-107A engine inherited all the problems of the VK-105PF engine. Yak-9 armed with a 37 mm (1.5 in) Nudelman-Suranov NS-37 cannon with 30 rounds instead of the 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK, cockpit moved 0.4 m (16 in) back to compensate for the heavier nose. The Best Credit Cards Of 2020. Even though the Zero was outdated by 1944, the plane was still in use on the front lines because of newer designs being pushed back and the Japanese having production difficulties. Weight of fire: 2.72 kg/s (6.0 lb/s). The engine was prone to overheating, oil leaks, loss of engine pressure during climbs, spark plugs constantly burning out, and intense vibrations which would fatigue assembly bolts leading to a short engine life. [2] The maneuverable, high-speed at low/medium altitudes and easy to control Yak-9 was one of the best and the most mass-produced Soviet fighter of World War II. 9 Soviet Fighter Planes of WW2 - Some fantastic Airplanes Here The F6F was the plane that carried the US on its back all the way to the gates of Tokyo. The prototype Messerschmitt 109 first flew in 1935. Fundamentally a development of the robust and successful Yak-7B fighter based in turn on a tandem-seat advanced trainer Yak-7UTI, the Yak-9 started arriving in Soviet fighter aviation regiments in late 1942 and played a major role in taking air superiority over Luftwaffe aces on the new Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and Messerschmitt Bf 109G fighters during the grand Battle of Kursk in summer 1943. This … [11], Fighter units with this aircraft suffered lower losses than average. But by 1943 the introduction of better equipment and tactics made it where the Allied pilots could compete with the Zero. Bf-109. The Yak was considered to be one of the lightest and smallest aircraft to be used as a major combat fighter from all the other combat fighters that were used within World War 2. Nevertheless, in the course of 398 sorties, the unit claimed 27 Focke-Wulf Fw 190As and one Bf 109G-2, for the loss of two Yaks in dogfights, one to flak and four in accidents. The Zero was hardly the best plane they had in their fleet, that honor is reserved for a much more deadly plane the Nakajima Ki-84. Did That Actually Happen? The 190 was highly respected by all the Allied pilots and it was a perfect fighter, fighter-bomber, and anti-tank aircraft. Armament increased to 1 × 23 mm (0.91 in) VYa with 60 rounds and 2 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) UBSs with 170 rpg. The Spitfire is most likely the most famous aircraft from the World War II era. Power countries make an attempt to control the skies and drop bombs capable of destroying their enemy into submission. The most notable of these include: First production version, Klimov M-105PF engine with 880 kW (1,180 hp), 1 × 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK cannon with 120 rounds and 1 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) UBS machine gun with 200 rounds. The 190 is literally one of the best fighters of all time, no Allied plane that fought against it will ever forget what it could do. Focke-Wulf FW 190 D-9. ... with over 500 articles and counting published on subjects ranging from modern Chinese jet fighters to Russian World War II … It can be seen as a Russian answer to the US F-22 Raptor. The 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by two men by the names of Robert Lusser and Willy Messerschmitt during the 1930s. There was quite a lot wrong with the Me 262 when it was committed to action but most of this was due to the exigencies… The F6F was, much better at carrier landings, however, which made the Hellcat a very viable option as the main fighter for the Navy in World War II. Unlike the I-185 the Yak-9U was a much simpler to fly and stable aircraft. Its only drawback was its altitude capabilities but even still, it dominated the Pacific. These modern-built replicas using the Allison engines, have counterclockwise-rotation props, unlike the originals which strictly used clockwise-rotation Soviet V12 powerplants. The P-38 was the main fighter in the Southwest Pacific Theater until a large force of P-51D Mustangs was brought in towards the end of the war. Single-seat tactical reconnaissance aircraft. Greater availability of duralumin allowed for lighter construction which in turn permitted a number of modifications to the basic design. Their main use was as tactical fighters, engaging in dogfights in the lower sky (13,000 ft and lower). Yak-9M with Klimov VK-105PF engine, new propeller, and armament consisting of 1 × 23 mm (0.91 in) Nudelman-Suranov NS-23 cannon with 60 rounds, and 2 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Berezin B-20 cannons with 120 rounds. It even rivaled the British Spitfire, which is an amazing feat. This aircraft was the last and the most advanced version of the Yak-9 fighter, which became the pinnacle of development among A. S. Yakovlev's piston-engined fighters. The boyfriend 109 was a high altitude fighter that relied on boom and zoom … There are a total of [ 705 ] WW2 Aircraft Ranked-by-Speed entries in the Military Factory. A total production of 1,134 aircraft were constructed by December 1944. The recoil also caused numerous oil and coolant leaks. It … Williams, Anthony G. and Emmanuel Gustin. [7], The first unit to use the Yak-9U, between 25 October and 25 December 1944, was 163.IAP. Early test flights in 1943 indicated that the only comparable Soviet fighter was Polikarpov I-185 prototype which was more difficult to fly and less agile due to higher weight. The typical armament of the Yak-9U was a 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK cannon with 120 rounds that was fired through the aircraft's hollow propeller shaft, and two 12.7 mm (0.50 in) Berenzin UB machine guns with 340 rounds. What's the best fighter plane film you've ever seen? Weight of fire: 2 kg/s (4.4 lb/s). Did not enter production due to poor performance compared to Yak-3 and Yak-9U. To qualify, there's got to be at least one dogfight in the film that involves fighter jets or aircraft. [5], January to April 1944 marked the commencement of State trials and revealed that the Yak-9U had a superior top-speed compared to all fighters in service on the Eastern front at 6,000 m (20,000 ft). Even today the Thunderbolt name lives on with the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II. From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. However, in the eastern front, much of the combat happened at low altitudes, and so the Mig 3 was not produced in such large numbers as the other fighters. The P-51 was also used in service with Allied air forces in Italian, Mediterranean and North African areas of service and also saw action in the Pacific War against the Japanese. Yak-9D with the cockpit moved 0.4 m (1 ft 4 in) to the rear like on Yak-9T, numerous fixes and improvements based on experience with previous versions. Brazilian and Mexican squadrons were given the P-47 instead. Which is not to say that the 109 was the best fighter of the war, but that its design was the most solid and serviceable of WWII. [12], During 1949, the Soviet Union provided surplus Yak-9P (VK-107) aircraft to some satellite states in the Soviet bloc in order to help them rebuild their air forces in the wake of the West Berlin blockade. Combat usefulness at full range was limited by lack of radio navigation equipment, and a number of aircraft were used as short-range fighters with fuel carried only in inner wing tanks. In 1944, several Yak-9DD were used to escort B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator bombers attacking targets in Romania using the Ukraine-Romania-Italy routes. Often incorrectly called the "Me 109," the Bf-109 remains the most produced fighter aircraft … In the Battle of Britain, the Spitfire gained fame by having the highest victory-to-loss ratio among British aircraft. The F6F was actually called the “Wildcat’s big brother.”. As the war went on the FW-190 was manufactured in no fewer than 40 different models. From the obsolete biplane to the world’s first fighter, from crude two-engined bombers to radical designs of the B-29 Superfortress heavy bombers, World War Two had seen the most radical use of aircraft in the battlefield. In one dog fight on 16th July 1944, 18 Yak-3s faced 24 German … By this time, the manufacture of high-strength aluminum alloys was established in the Soviet Union, simplifying aircraft operation and increasing aircraft service life. The horizontal tail surfaces were slightly reduced in order to afford the aircraft improved pitch control. 4848 of these aircraft were manufactured in total. The 109 was one of the only true modern planes in the war; it included features such as a retractable landing gear, all-metal monocoque construction, and a closed canopy. If you look at Aviation history then you will see that the 109 was one of the best planes of all time. The P-38 had many roles which included dive bombing, ground-attack, level bombing, interception, recon, night fighting, evacuation mission, radar and visual pathfinding for bombers, and long-range fighting. The original plan for the 109 was for it to be an interceptor, but later models were built for a variety of tasks, fighter-bomber, day-fighter, night-fighter, all-weather fighter, recon plane, ground-attack aircraft and of course a bomber escort. But the Hellcat was more reliable, easier to fly, easier to maintain, etc. World War 2 French ace, Marcel Albert, considered the Yak to be a far superior aircraft to the Spitfire and P-51D Mustang, having flown the Yak in the USSR. As one wag put it, "The Corsair was a better plane, three days a week." The quality came from its straightforward and basic design, the F6F was almost never modified and had a total of 12,200 built in just two years. It was graceful in the air as a dancer, no other plane could even touch it in high altitudes, however when it accompanied bombers over Great Britain it usually fought at low altitudes, which it was not made for. The Yak-9 represented further development of the successful Yakovlev Yak-7 fighter, a production version of the lightened Yak-7DI, taking full advantage of the combat experience with its predecessor. Fight over the Pacific Ocean and experience the war from the perspective of American and Japanese pilots. Pilots were ordered not to use the engine at combat speed since this reduced its life to two or three flights only. The Yak-9K saw only limited use due to unreliability of the NS-45, airframe performance issues caused by both the NS-45 and larger fuel tanks used on the Yak-9K, as well as a reduction of bombers used by the Germans. The Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be the best fighter aircraft of World War II. The Yak-9 remained in production from 1942 to 1948, with 16,769 built (14,579 during the war). During the final years of World War II, the Zero was even used in kamikaze mission. The oil cooler intake was moved from beneath the nose to the port wing root as well as an enlarged radiator bath being moved further aft under the fuselage. The air battles during World War II were brutal and deadly. With its engine reliability issues and the Allied attacks of oilfields, this plane became very ineffective in late-war situations. The Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be the best fighter aircraft of World War II. At low altitude, in which it operated predominantly, the Yak-9 was more maneuverable than its main foe, the Bf 109, but was far less well armed. Yak-9DD were used primarily to escort Petlyakov Pe-2 and Tupolev Tu-2 bombers although they proved less than ideal for this role due to insufficient speed advantage over the bombers. Yak-9U with an all-metal wing, Yak-9P in this case was a factory designation different from Yak-9P with two ShVAKs (see above). Shop online for over 900 world war ii airplane model kits at discounts up to 58%.1/40-1/49 Scale is the most popular of the 12 world war ii airplane model kits categories, then 1/70-1/79 Scale, and 1/30-1/39 Scale. Return to the World War 2 Aircraft by Country Index. The F6F was an amazing carrier-fighter, it debuted in 1943, in an attempt to counter the amazing Mitsubishi A6M Zero and it helped to secure air superiority in the Pacific. Expert analysis of weapons, tactics and technology. Discuss the list here The Yak-9U contributed greatly to Soviet air superiority, and the Germans avoided the Yaks “without antenna mast”. Oberleutnant Otto Kittel – who was an amazing pilot – scored almost all of his 267 killed in a 190. Two-seat trainer version of Yak-9U (VK-107), armament reduced to a single Berezin B-20 cannon with 100 rounds. It carried 20mm cannons, and it would become the most important fighter plane in the Luftwaffe. Yak-9D with NS-37 cannon and provision for 4 × 50 kg (110 lb) FAB-50 bombs under the wings. In addition to being considered on of the finest axis fighter planes of ww2, it was also considered one of the best looking fighter planes of that time. The F6F was similar to the Wildcat in a few ways but was actually a completely new design; it was powered by a 2,000 HP engine, the same engine that was in the F4U and the P-47 Thunderbolt Fighters. In total over 15,000 of these were manufactured. It had a counterpart, the Messerschmitt Bf 109, but the 190 became the backbone of the Luftwaffe’s Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force). Yak-9U (VK-107) armed with 1 × 37 mm (1.5 in) Nudelman N-37 cannon with 30 rounds and 2 x 20 mm (0.79 in) Berezin B-20 cannons with 120 rpg, giving a one-second burst mass of 6 kg (13 lb). Focke-Wulf Fw-190. The only way the Allies had a chance of winning were to destroy the planes before they could even get off the ground. Soviet pilots regarded the Yak-9's performance as on the same level as the Bf 109G and Fw 190A-3/A-4. The Mustang was designed originally to be used with the Allison V-1710 engine – making it a very good aircraft. The P-38 with its iconic twin booms and a single, central nacelle in the cockpit and armament were contained was nicknamed the “fork-tailed devil” by the Luftwaffe and “two planes, one pilot” by the Japanese. The 109 was the most produced fighter in history, they produced a total of 33,984 airframes from 1936 -1945. The 262 was used in many situations like the light bomber, might fighters and reconnaissance. Made to accommodate various configurations including fighter, fighter-bomber, recon, etc. High-altitude interceptor (unrelated to the two other Yak-9P above) with Klimov M-105PD engine designed specifically to intercept Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 86P high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft overflying Moscow in 1942–1943. It was a low wing, all … EXPERIENCE WW2 FLIGHT COMBAT LIKE NEVER BEFORE WW2 air combat game with intuitive controls and user-friendly flight mechanics. The Spitfire was also the most produced fighter for the British and was continuously produced throughout the war. The F6F was a very good rival to the Vought F4U Corsair at being a carrier-based fighter. Within World War 2, P-51 pilots claim to have shot down 4,950 enemy aircraft. It was actually powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 Aero engine. Some state the FW 190 D-9 was superior even to the British spitfire. The Yak-3 was evenly matched against the German Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters, but sometimes could also perform the impossible. The Yak-9 had a lowered rear fuselage decking and all-around vision canopy. Yak-9T with Klimov VK-105PF2 engine and numerous aerodynamic and structural improvements introduced on Yak-3. The Mig 3 was the best high altitude interceptor. When the B & C models were made of the P-51, they added a Rolls Royce Merlin engine and this completely transformed its performance at high altitude (15,000+ feet) which meant it matched or even bettered that of the Luftwaffe’s fighters. The definitive Yak-9 variant, Yak-9U (VK-105) equipped with the new Klimov VK-107A engine with 1,230 kW (1,650 hp), and the 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK with 120 rounds replacing the VYa. Visually differed from Yak-3 only by main landing gear covers. Yak-9M with slightly reduced fuel capacity, Klimov VK-105PF2 engine with 925 kW (1,240 hp), and radio and navigational equipment for night and adverse weather flying for PVO Strany. Yakovlev OKB created 22 modifications of the Yak-9, of which 15 saw mass production. Flag images indicative of country of origin. The engine mount was brand new and included individual faired exhaust pipes, wings, and fuselage structure that was made of metal while the whole aircraft received a covering of Bakelite skin. Prototype with Klimov M-106-1SK engine with 1,007 kW (1,350 hp), did not advance to production because of problems with the engine. As usual, it depends on their task. It’s the most celebrated US fighter plane during World War II. From late in 1943 P-51’s were used to escort bombers in raids over occupied Europe and over Germany, all the way to Berlin. Yak-9T modified with a 45 mm NS-45 cannon with 29 rounds and a distinctive muzzle brake to deal with the massive recoil. The 190 was a single-engine, single-seat fighter designed by Kurt Tank. Messerschmitt Bf 109K. [15] Early problems with overheating were fixed by enlarging the radiators and production aircraft had further improved aerodynamics. The cockpit was roomy and very comfortable, the pilot had an amazing line of sight. Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era. Further changes would include the fuel capacity of the Yak-9U being upgraded to 400 L (110 US gal) and in order to re-balance the aircraft, the wings were moved 9.906 cm (3.900 in) forward and the aircraft's Vlsh-107LO propeller being replaced with the older VISH-105S. The P-51’s with the Merlin engines were also used as fighter-bombers which made sure that the Allied ruled supreme in the air in 1944. These defects forced the first production batches starting during April 1944  to be powered by the reliable M-105 PF-3 engine. Initially poor performance due to unreliable engine dramatically improved with adoption of Klimov M-106PV with water injection, with the aircraft reaching 13,500 m (44,300 ft) during testing. The 190 is literally one of the best fighters of all time, no Allied plane that … How about two turbocharged engines, range, firepower and the best aerodynamics of the era made the P-38 one of the top choices ever. Bombers don't count. They were first developed in 1941 but didn’t see service until three years later, 1944. It was introduced in 1941; the fighter almost immediately started to tear through the RAF and was putting down major punishment of Allied bombers. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). During the Second World War, the airplane proved decisive as one of the most dominant weapon on the battlefield. Yak-9 variants carried two different wings, five different engines, six different fuel tank combinations and seven types of armament configurations. Pick the best planes and pilots for the job and fly over the cold Russian tundra or sunny deserts of Egypt. Aug 9, 2018 - Explore P Murphy's board "Russian WWII Aircraft", followed by 434 people on Pinterest. The Yak-9P (Product P) that appeared in 1946 was a modification of the Yak-9U fighter of composite construction. Today, most people view both the Hurricane and Spitfire as some of the best WWII-era fighter aircraft ever made. Initially poor quality control led to multiple oil and coolant leaks from cannon recoil. These are the stories of the top three Soviet fighter aces. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Poor handling with a full bomb and fuel load and lack of special aiming equipment limited combat usefulness. True? Britannic: A Century After Being Lost to the Waves, Opened to Divers, The 10,000 room German WW2 resort complex never had a single guest, now luxury beachfront Condos, The “Red Zone” In France Is So Dangerous that 100 Years After WWI It Is Still A No-Go Area. There are a total of [ 81 ] WW2 Soviet Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Fundamentally a development of the robust and successful Yak-7B fighter based in turn on a tandem-seat advanced trainer Yak-7UTI, the Yak-9 started arriving in Soviet fighter aviation regiments in late 1942 and played a major role in taking air superiority over Luftwaffe aces on the new Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and Messerschmitt Bf 109G fighters during the grand B… Of 2,550 Yak-9s manufactured up the end of 1943, only 383 were lost in combat. A section of the aircraft's operating manual was accidentally omitted from the translation from Russian into some languages: before starting the Yak-9, it was necessary to hand-crank a small cockpit-mounted oil pump 25 times to provide initial lubrication to the Klimov V12 engine, unlike World War II German and Western fighters equipped with forced closed-cycle lubrication systems. Pages in category "World War II Soviet fighter aircraft" The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This new stealthy aircraft was designed intended to replace ageing MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters. Main visual difference from Yak-9T was in the oil coolers in the wing roots like on Yak-3 and in plywood covering of the fuselage instead of fabric. Skipping this unusual but vital step resulted in frequent engine seizures during the takeoff roll and initial climb, causing several fatalities during 1950. It started life of the PAK FA (or Future Frontline Aircraft System). The prototype's top speed of 700 km/h (430 mph) at 5,600 m (18,400 ft) was faster than any other production fighter aircraft in the world at the time, other than the P-51B that could reach up to 710 km/h (441 mph) on military power. It even out killed the P-51 Mustang during the first three months of 1944, having 540 kills to the Mustang’s 389, but eventually the Mustang over took it in kills, 972 for the Mustang and 409 for the P-47 in the second quarter of the year. A look into art and culture’s love affair with the aeroplane. Fighter-bomber version of Yak-9D (factory designation Yak-9L) with four vertical tube bomb bays aft of the cockpit with capacity for up to 4 × 100 kg (220 lb) FAB-100 bombs or 4 PTAB cassettes with 32 × 1.5 kg (3.3 lb) bomblets each, although normally only 200 kg (440 lb) of weapons were carried in the front bomb bays. He was awarded the Gold Star Medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union in June 1945. A series of improvements in performance and armament did not hamper the superb handling characteristics that allowed its pilots to excel at dog-fighting. Long-range version of Yak-9, fuel capacity increased from 440 to 650 L (120 to 170 US gal) to giving a maximum range of 1,400 km (870 mi). It was faster than any Allied aircraft including the British Gloster Meteor and it was heavily armored as well. This is alongside the Japanese Zero, Soviet Yak-3, North American P-51, German Bf.109 and the French Caudron C.714. See more ideas about wwii aircraft, aircraft, ww2 aircraft. 808 mph. Not only was the Thunderbolt one of the main fighters for the U.S. in World War II, but also served with the British, French, and Russians. It provided excellent performance due to its power-to-weight ratio, which was extremely high. The role of WWII fighter aircraft differ greatly from modern fighter aircraft. The Royal Italian Air Force ordered 750 Re-2005 in total, but only 48 were built. 4 Wermacht Workhorse No other Allied naval aircraft even came close, after the war the F6F was slowly fazed out of frontline mission but was still used as a night fighter up until 1954. The F6F was credited with destroying over 5,000 aircraft while in service for both the U.S. and the Royal Navy’s Fleet Air Arm. The Messerschmitt Bf 109, officially shortened to Bf 109, was the iconic German fighter of WWII. 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Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). [9], One of the top-scoring Yak-9 pilots was First Lieutenant A.I. The P-51 Mustang Fighter, a North American Aviation, is one of the most iconic fighter / fighter bombers that is single-seated and was used during World War 2. The Pilots that flew the 262 had 542 confirmed allied kills, though some believe it may have been higher. The Yakovlev Yak-9 (Russian: Яковлев Як-9) was a single-engine single-seat multipurpose fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after. After capturing an A6M Zero following a battle in Alaska the United States knew how to combat them, so the Japanese were forced to build a better fighter. Unlike its predecessor, it had all-metal wings with elliptical tips. Single-seat night fighter aircraft, equipped with a searchlight and an RPK-10 radio compass. Two-seat trainer version of Yak-9M and Yak-9T, Klimov VK-105PF2 engine, armament reduced to 1 × 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK with 90 rounds. Also consider WW2 Fighters Ranked-by-Speed, WW2 Bombers Ranked-by-Speed and WW2 X-planes Ranked-by-Speed. The Su-57 is a new Russian fighter aircraft. The Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be the best fighter aircraft of World War II. The lightest (over two tons) fighter aircraft of WWII, it had impressive characteristics of speed and maneuverability. Engaging Top (and bottom) 10s including: Greatest fighter aircraft of World War II, Worst British aircraft, Worst Soviet aircraft and many more insanely specific ones. The F4U was used mostly in land-based missions by the U.S. Marine Corps. Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II. 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